Chronic sinusitis encompasses a variety of symptoms including headaches, congestion, drainage, infection, decrease in smell or taste, and fatigue. In the great majority of people, sinusitis occurs when the tiny openings that connect the sinuses to the nose, swell closed. It is obstructed sinus openings that cause the symptoms of sinusitis. Medical treatment of sinusitis includes a combination of medicines, all of which are meant to take down swelling in the nose. By decreasing swelling inside the nose, we are also decreasing swelling around the sinus openings, allowing them to open, which relieves sinus pressure and allows trapped sinus mucous to drain normally.
- These medicines (taken with antibiotics for a sinus infection) will help you recover more quickly.
- Sometimes these medicines taken alone (without antibiotics) will cause the infection to resolve.
- For people with recurrent or continuous symptoms, these medicines can be taken daily to keep the symptoms at bay.
These medicines include
- Nasal irrigations
- Nasal moisture
- Topical ointments
- Nasal steroid sprays
- Antihistamines (in allergic people)
- Mucous thinners
- Nose sprays
- Oral steroids (for very short periods of time)
These medicines can be over-the-counter, by prescription, or a combination of both.